Investor, of Peace Dale, R.I., New York and New Mexico
Papers, 1913-1939. Bulk, 1920-1925.
Size: 2.5 linear feet
Catalog number: MSS 483 sg 8
Processed by: Steve Dalpe and Rick Stattler, February 1999
©Rhode Island Historical Society
Rowland "Roy" Hazard III (1881-1945) was the eldest of five children of woolen magnate Rowland Gibson Hazard II (1855-1918) and Mary Pierrepont Bushnell (1859-1936).
He was a graduate of the Taft School in Waterbury, Conn., and of Yale University, class of 1903. He then worked briefly for the Solvay Process Company in Syracuse, N.Y., a family business. After 1907, he was involved with the Peace Dale Manufacturing Company, the family's flagship woolen mill in South Kingstown, R.I., eventually becoming treasurer. This company was sold outside the family after the death of Rowland G. Hazard II in 1918.
Rowland III served on the South Kingstown town council from 1908, and then in the Rhode Island state senate from 1914 to 1916; he was an active supporter of the Republican Party throughout his life. During the first World War, he served as captain in the Chemical Warfare Service of the Army. After the war, with the family business sold, he participated in the organization of the Allied Chemical and Dye Corporation. In 1920, he joined the New York City banking firm of Lee, Higginson & Co., residing on Long Island. While there, he remained active in Rhode Island affairs, and served as president of the Washington County Agricultural Society, which staged the annual Kingston Fair. Hazard resigned from his banking position in 1927 to travel in Africa.
While in Africa, Hazard contracted a tropical illness, and spent several months convalescing in New Mexico. In the town of La Luz, he discovered large deposits of high-grade clay, purchased land, and formed the Aguadero Corporation to market pottery. He formed Rowland Third Inc. as a personal holding company in 1930, registered in the state of Vermont. Soon afterward, two new companies were spun off from the Aguadero Corporation: Timonel Farms, and the La Luz Clay Products Company. Though none of these New Mexico companies were as successful as hoped for, they remained active for the remainder of Hazard's life.
Hazard returned to Rhode Island in 1931, and acquired one of the family homes, "Druid's Dream" in Narragansett. He also kept residences intermittently at 52nd Street and other addresses in Manhattan; in La Luz, New Mexico; at "Ladyhill" in Shaftsbury, Vermont; and at "Sugarbush" in Glastonbury, Vermont. In the 1930s, he commercially marketed maple syrup that had been tapped at his Vermont vacation home. He incorporated a real estate company, the What Cheer Realty Company, in 1932 (none of the records for What Cheer survive, but reference can be found in the Rowland Third Inc. records).
He struggled with alcoholism for much of his life, and was active in the Oxford Group, a pioneering spiritual response to the disease. He played an important and well-known role in founding Alcoholics Anonymous, though he never became a member. Through the Oxford Group, he was active in the Calvary Episcopal Church in New York City, and became a member of the Protestant Episcopal Church in 1936. He was active as officer or director of several organizations in his later years, most notably as executive vice-president of the Bristol Manufacturing Company of Waterbury, Connecticut. Rowland Hazard III died in Waterbury, Connecticut on December 20, 1945.
Hazard married Helen Hamilton Campbell in 1910. They were divorced on February 25, 1929 in South Kingstown, and remarried on April 27, 1931. They had four children:
Caroline C., born April 15, 1911, died May 28, 1953. Married Russell Troy Hunter, 1946. She had one son, Troy H. Hunter (1949-1968), who died in Vietnam.
Rowland G. III, born on February 18, 1917, died April 29, 1944 in World War II. Married Mary F. Pitney in 1940; they had one daughter.
Peter Hamilton, born June 27, 1918, died March 27, 1945 in Okinawa. No children.
Charles B., born April 10, 1920, died 1995. Married Edith D. Bruce in 1943. 3 children.
"Rowland Hazard Dead in 65th Year", Providence Journal, 12/21/1945
Downs, Winfield Scott, ed. Men of New England, vol. IV (New York: American Historical Company, 1947), 358-365.
Ray, Ron. "Rowland the Messenger" (Bowling Green, Ky.: unpublished typescript, 1992)
The Descendants of Rowland Gibson Hazard, no author, October 1993.
Letter, Earl W.G. Howard to Frederick W. Tillinghast, May 5 1943, in the Rowland Third Inc. Records, Vermont Correspondence (re divorce).
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Scope and content:
The bulk of this collection consists of Hazard's correspondence files from 1920 to 1925, during his New York years; and his banking records from 1918 to 1939. The correspondence files are mostly related to investments, though they include some personal material. Of particular interest are letters received from ex-president William H. Taft (6/20/1918) and Sen. Henry Cabot Lodge (4/21/1919 and 4/29/1919), both of whom Hazard had asked to speak at the Washington County Agricultural Society.
Almost all documents relating to Hazard's New Mexico ventures have been placed in with the Aguadero Corporation Records or with its subsidiary companies, even those records that were created under his personal name before the 1930 incorporation. The records of Rowland Third Inc. are also relevant.
Almost no personal papers have been found of Rowland Hazard III's wife Helen (Campbell) Hazard; this collection does include her passport and several of her tax returns.
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These papers were donated by the Hazard family as part of the Hazard Family Papers in 1985. They had been deposited in 1975.
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This collection is part of the Hazard Family Papers, which were processed with support from the Rhode Island Committee for the Humanities, the Beinecke Foundation, and the extended Hazard Family.
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Series 1: Correspondence Correspondence from 1921 to 1926 was found arranged into subject files, and this order was retained. Only scattered correspondence exists from other years.
Box 1, folder 1. 1903, 1914, 1915, undated. Personal. 4 letters.
Box 1, folder 2. 1918-1919. From wife.
Box 1, folder 3. 1918-1919. From William H. Taft and Henry Cabot Lodge. 3 letters.
Box 1, folder 4. 1921-1926. Allied Chemical and Dye Corporation, 1921-1922
Box 1, folder 5. Allied Chemical and Dye Corporation, 1922-1925
Box 1, folder 6. Allied Chemical and Dye Corporation, 1925-1926
Box 1, folder 7. Bear Mountain Hudson River Bridge distribution, 1924
Box 1, folder 8. By-Products Coke Corporation, 1922
Box 1, folder 9. By-Products Coke Corporation, 1924-1925
Box 1, folder 10. By-Products Coke Corporation - Reports, 1921-1925
Box 1, folder 11. Contributions, 1925
Box 1, folder 12. Chicago Railways Company, 1923-1925
Box 1, folder 13. Compo Bond Corporation, 1923-1924
Box 1, folder 14. Farmer's Loan & Trust Company, 1924-1925
Box 1, folder 15. Hazard family, 1923-1924
Box 1, folder 16. Hazard, Barclay & Co. 1922
Box 1, folder 17. Hazard, Caroline, 1922-1924
Box 1, folder 18. Hazard, Mary P.B., 1922-1923
Box 1, folder 19. Hazard, Mary P.B., 1926
Box 1, folder 20. Holly Island Club, 1925
Box 1, folder 21. Hoxie, D.W., 1923
Box 1, folder 22. Hoxie, D.W., 1924
Box 1, folder 23. Jute Products, Inc., 1921-1924
Box 1, folder 24. Lee, Higginson & Co., 1924-1925
Box 1, folder 25. Lehman Brothers, 1923-1924
Box 1, folder 26. Madison Square Garden Corporation, 1923-1924
Mechanics National Bank, 1923-1924
Box 1, folder 27. Moa Iron and Development Corp., 1921-1922
Box 1, folder 28. Mutual Fire Insurance Co., 1922
Box 1, folder 29. Naphen & Co., 1924
Box 1, folder 30. New England Railroad Commission, 1923
Box 1, folder 31. Narragansett Library Association, 1923-1924
Box 1, folder 32. Parramore's Island Association, 1925
Box 1, folder 33. Platt, Platt, Montgomery & Fales (Oregon land), 1923
Box 1, folder 34. Point Judith Country Club, 1925
Box 1, folder 35. Poland Spring, 1920-1922
Box 1, folder 36. Rhode Island Hospital Trust Company, 1925
Box 1, folder 37. Robert Wrench Co., 1923
Box 1, folder 38. Scarborough Beach Co., 1921-1923
Box 1, folder 39. Semet-Solvay Co., 1924
Box 1, folder 40. Slater Mill Association, 1923-1924
Box 1, folder 41. Southern Colony Oil Co., 1925
Box 1, folder 42. Stevens, M.T. Sons & Co., 1922
Box 1, folder 43. Traction stocks, 1924-1925
Box 1, folder 44. Tourilli Fish and Game Club (map, undated)
Box 1, folder 45. United Equities Corporation, 1923
Box 1, folder 46. United States Veteran's Bureau, 1925 (insurance)
Box 1, folder 47. Washington County Agricultural Society, 1923
Box 1, folder 48. Washington County Agricultural Society, 1924
Box 1, folder 49. Washington County Agricultural Society, 1925
Box 1, folder 50. What Cheer Mutual Fire Insurance Company, 1924
Box 1, folder 51. 1927-1945, with offices in Peace Dale
Box 1, folder 52. 1929-1945, personal
Series 2: Financial
Box 1, folder 53. Cash book, 1921-1927
Box 1, folder 54. Cash book, 1927-1939
Box 2, folder 1. Journal, 1919-1927
Box 2, folder 2. Ledger, 1918-1927
Box 2, folder 3. Ledger, 1931-1932
Box 2, folder 4. Ledger, 1933-1937
Bank books. From R.I. Hospital Trust.
Box 2, folder 5. 1919-1921
Box 2, folder 6. 1921-1931
Box 2, folder 7. 1931-1939
Bank statements. From Farmer's Loan and Trust Company (New York) unless noted. Lists checks drawn and deposits made. Loose sheets, apparently removed from a scrapbook.
Box 2, folder 8. 1/1922 - 12/1923
Box 2, folder 9. 12/1923 - 3/1925
Box 2, folder 10. 4/1925 - 6/1926
Box 2, folder 11. 7/1926 - 8/1927
Box 2, folder 12. 8/1927 - 8/1928
Box 2, folder 13. 1/1929 - 12/1930
Box 2, folder 14. Loose statements from misc. banks, 1926-1937
Canceled checks. From New York banks. Some personal New Mexico checks from this period are in the Rowland Third Incorporated Records.
Box 2, folder 15. 1931
Box 2, folder 16. 1931
Box 2, folder 17. 1932
Box 2, folder 18. 1933
Oversized Box 2, folder 9. U.S. tax returns, 1917-1918, 1921-1930, 1933, 1936-1937
Also Helen H.C. Hazard returns, 1918, 1921-1927
Box 2, folder 19. Tax notes and correspondence, 1917-1924 returns
Box 2, folder 20. Tax notes and correspondence, 1925-1927 returns
Box 2, folder 21. Tax notes and correspondence, 1928-1937 returns
Box 2, folder 22. Charitable contributions, 1923-1927
Series 3: Miscellaneous
Box 3, folder 1. Certificates: National Ass'n of Credit Men, 1915; Coal dealer license, 1925
Oversized box 2, folder 10. Commission, Rhode Island State College Board of Managers, 1927.
Box 3, folder 2. Insurance policies, 1913-1934
Box 3, folder 3. Inventory of Oakwoods, after 1911, volume 1
Box 3, folder 4. Inventory of Oakwoods, after 1911, volume 2
Box 3, folder 5. Liberty Bond envelopes, matured 1923
Box 3, folder 6. Maple syrup business, 1933-1935
Box 3, folder 7. Maple syrup business, 1937-1938
Box 3, folder 8. Memorial from Scientific Apparatus Makers of America, 1945
Box 3, folder 9. Passport of Helen H.C. Hazard, 1936
Box 3, folder 10. Powers of attorney to D.W. Hoxie, 1918-1921
Box 3, folder 11. Real estate: Oakwoods agreement, 1920; Druid's dream, 1928
Box 3, folder 12. Three Daughters Trust, 1916-1920
Box 3, folder 13. Valentine poem to daughter Carol, undated
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Hazard, Caroline (1856-1945)
Hazard, Helen H. (Campbell)
Investment banking - New York
Lodge, Henry Cabot (1850-1924)
Maple syrup industry - Vermont
Taft, William H. (1857-1930)
Vermont - Social life and customs
Washington County Agricultural Society
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